Ferry Efendi

Berbagi, Peduli dan Menginspirasi

NURSING EDUCATION IN INDONESIA: TODAYS AND FUTURE TRENDS

01 July 2017 - dalam Konferensi Oleh ferry-efendi-fkp

Nursalam, Ferry Efendi, Ngoc Dhang LT, Sufyanti Arief Y
Nursing Education in Indonesia: Todays and Future Trends. Shanghai International Nursing 
Conference, November 2009, Shanghai, China
Abstract
Societal and health care changes have presented many challenges for nursing. The challenge 
for nursing education is to ensure that professional education remains relevant and keeps in 
track with the needs of the market. These challenges include globalization, changes of patient 
characteristics, impacts of technology information, migration, future tendencies and other 
current issues in nursing development in Indonesia. A desk study was performed from relevant 
published materials. Literature was reviewed from means and databases of the International 
Council of Nurses, Indonesian Nurses National Association and electronic journals. The aim of 
this paper is to consider possible future societal and healthcare changes and how they may 
impact the development of future nursing education. A clear understanding of these factors is 
critical to face tomorrow challenges within global context.
Keywords: nurse, education, curriculum
History of Nursing Education in Indonesia
In line with the rapid economical growth and technological development, nursing education in 
Indonesia has also been developed positively over the last decades, starting with the issues of 
“The doctor?s servant” and “Nurses as the second class”. Nurses want their voices heard 
together with their profession more highly recognized.. As the result, in some urban provinces of 
the country a Diploma Program in Nursing was set up in the 1970s. In 1982, Indonesia 
University opened a Bachelor degree in nursing science as a pilot project. Since then, several 
medical faculties followed the step of Indonesia University and provided Bachelor?s Degree 
Program in Nursing. Moreover, Self-study Education Program in Nursing started in Indonesia 
and, this type of education quickly spreads to other cities, which included Diploma Program, 
Diploma IV at the beginning and Bachelor’s Degree Program after several years.
In addition, a continuing education program called “Program Khusus” leading to a diploma was 
also established, which is a 3-year part time program for clinical nurses with professional 
training education background. This program provides good opportunities for clinical nurses in 
pursuing higher education while working and overall, in improving their professional knowledge 
and skills. With the increasing number of higher nursing education programs, there is lack of 
nurse educators who have higher educational background.
Recognizing the necessity, the Ministry of Health has sent a number of nurses to study abroad 
to get higher education, master and doctoral degrees. However, that effort seems to be 
insufficient compared to the actual requirement. More importantly, competencies of nurse 
educators need to considerably improved, in accompany with increasing the number of qualified 
nurse educators. The diversified levels of nursing education programs and also increased nurse 
students number have resulted in an over workload for nurse educators. This unfortunately 
creates a challenge for them in renewing and gaining more knowledge. Not only more nurse 
educators with Master’s and doctoral degree are needed, but also each educator would put



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